Symptoms and treatment of internal bleeding from car wrecks

Internal bleeding is a serious injury that vehicle occupants may suffer in traffic accidents due to blunt or penetrating trauma. Most internal bleeding involve obvious injuries that need immediate treatment, but sometimes the bleeding does not occur for hours or occurs with less severe injuries. Crash victims in New Jersey who have internal bleeding might or might not require surgery.

The symptoms of internal bleeding depend on where the trauma occurred and the type of trauma. As internal bleeding continues without treatment, the symptoms worsen. When there is trauma to the spleen or liver, for example, it may cause abdominal swelling, pain or both. With trauma to the thigh, possibly due to a fracture, the victim may feel pain, tightness and swelling. Trauma to the brain may result in loss of consciousness and headache. Any type of trauma resulting in internal bleeding, however, might cause fainting, dizziness or light-headedness.

Treatment for internal bleeding resulting from any trauma, including car crashes, usually occurs in the emergency room of a hospital. The victims may be given blood transfusions and intravenous fluids to avoid or reverse unsafe drops in their blood pressure. Observation could be appropriate for delayed or slow internal bleeding, which often it stops by itself. However, surgery is used to remedy the issue when the bleeding does not stop or is severe. The type of surgery conducted depends on where the injury and bleeding occur. A surgeon does an exploratory laparotomy, for instance, when internal bleeding occurs in the abdomen. A craniotomy is performed for bleeding in the brain, while a thoracotomy is performed for bleeding around the lungs or heart.

Internal bleeding victims may be entitled to compensation if they were injured due to the negligence of another. In situations involving a car accident, an attorney can use the police reports and other evidence in a personal injury lawsuit to demonstrate the culpability of the responsible driver.

Source: WebMD, "Internal Bleeding Due to Trauma", Amita Shroff, M.D., Sept. 9, 2013

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