Many people are injured in accidents each year. Some people who are injured receive skull fractures. There are several different ways skull fractures can occur, including while playing sports or during motor vehicle and bicycle accidents. All skull fractures result from some type of blunt force to the head that is significant enough to cause the bone to break.
There are several types of fractures, including a closed fracture in which the skin is not broken although the skull is fractured, an open or compound fracture in which the skin is broken with the bone sticking out through it, a depressed fracture in which the skull is pushed into the brain cavity and a basal fracture in which the fracture occurs near the base of the skull. A basal fracture is one that occurs around the eyes, ears, nose or back of the head near the spine.
Symptoms that may indicate a skull fracture include warmth and pain at the site, swelling, bruising and bleeding around the injured area or the eyes, ears or nose. Depressed skull fractures are often easy to see and usually require surgery in order to correct the damage. Depressed skull fractures can cause a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid due to the fractured area putting pressure on the brain itself.
When people are injured in a motorcycle accident, they are at an increased risk of sustaining a skull fracture from being thrown from their bikes. Sometimes, a skull fracture will occur when a person was not wearing a helmet, or a person's helmet may have been faulty. When a person is involved in a motorcycle accident due to the negligent actions of another person, he or she may be able to recover compensation for medical bills, lost income and other damages by filing a civil lawsuit.
Source: Healthline, "Skull Fractures", Mary Ellen Ellis, August 15, 2012